Training classes and Behaviour Counsults
using Positive (Force Free) Training

What does "force free training" or "positive training" mean, and why should we use it?


I am very clear about the training methods I use as Woofers on this website, and on social media.  I don't use vague language, generalisations or "trainer speak", because I have nothing to hide and I am happy to explain my training methods to anyone who asks.

There are dozens of scientific research papers and articles written by acknowledged animal behaviour experts including veterinary bodies and various animal centred organisations which are available online. All this research shows that using punishment to train dogs is damaging to a dog’s physical and mental wellbeing and the relationship between dog and owner.  It also shows that using force free training is the most humane and effective way to train animals.  Please click here for a list of links to scientific articles about why punishment should not be used in dog training.


I call myself a “force free trainer” which is someone who uses positive training methods.  Some trainers might call themselves "purely positive". I prefer the term "force free" because we cannot honestly say we use purely positive training. It simply is not possible. The reason for that is with positive training there always comes what is referred to as "negative punishment".  However, I must stress that the word "punishment" in this context does not mean hurting the dog mentally or physically!  Negative punishment in scientific terms simply means "removing something the dog likes" For example, you ask for a behaviour such as "sit" or "down" and your dog does not comply. Because he didn't comply, he doesn't get rewarded, and therefore loses the opportunity of earning a treat. That is negative punishment. Your dog will be asked again to give him the opportunity to get it right and earn his treat. Unlike training that is based on punitive methods, your dog will not experience any physical or mental trauma because he did not comply.  He will not be jerked on the leash, or be wearing a prong collar or shock collar. He won't be yelled at or intimidated either, because he didn't get it right.


Positive training is based in science.   Your dog will not be "bribed" with treats.  "Bribed" is a myth that some non-positive trainers like to put out there.  The reason we use food in force free/positive training is that food is often the strongest reinforcement your dog will decide upon, but some dogs may find access to toys, or mere praise instead is sufficiently reinforcing for them.   It is the dog who decides what the reinforcement is, not us. 


Once we are sure that a dog has learned the behaviour we are teaching, we aim to phase out the food reward as soon as we can.

Zoo keepers can train dangerous predators in their care to cooperate with them for medical checks, procedures and for enrichment purposes using positive training.   Science tells us that every species learns in the same way, be it dog, human or any species you care to mention (Learning Theory).  Therefore, because we are using science in dog training, there is no dog that needs "tougher methods" in order to train it.  A modern, educated trainer never needs to use physical punishment of any kind because science has demonstrated to us that then there simply is no need.  


In dog training, there's a saying that "punishment begins where knowledge ends". We find sadly, this is true.

This is a biologist called Soham Mukherjee who specialises in reptiles.  He trains crocodiles using positive training only.  All he has is a large chunk of meat as a reward, and a target stick. He doesn't need a shock collar or a prong collar to train a predator that could kill him easily. He's so relaxed, he's not even wearing shoes!   Click on the photo for a short video of him training crocodiles.